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ISRO takes space bonds with the US, Japan and Australia

As Quad progresses, India is strengthening its ties with the US, Japan and Australia – the other three member states.

Known as the “Quadrilateral Security Dialogue”, the Quad team held its first conference last week.

Four countries plan to establish a series of working groups that will focus on climate change; critical and emerging technologies, including working to set technological standards and norms and jointly develop other critical technologies of the future, officials said.

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) last week sent the S-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) to the JASA Propulsion Laboratory agency JASA Propulsion Laboratory as the joint NASA-ISRO SAR (NISAR) campaign continues.

NISAR is a combined dual-frequency L and S-band SAR for global viewing.

“NISAR will be the first satellite to use two different radars (L-band and S-band) to measure changes in the surface of our planet less than an inch across,” according to NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration).

The goal is to be launched in 2022 from the ISRO port in Sriharikota in the Nellore region of Andhra Pradesh, about 100 miles north of Chennai.

NASA provides L-band SAR equipment, advanced scientific data communication system, GPS receivers, solid-state record and paid data upload system.

ISRO provides a spacecraft bus, S-band radar, launch vehicle and accompanying launch equipment, the purpose of which is to make global measurements of the causes and effects of climate change using a pre-radar image.

On March 11, ISRO and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) are looking at ongoing cooperation in Earth observation, lunar eclipses and satellite navigation.

“Both sides have agreed to explore opportunities for cooperation in space situational awareness (SSA) and the technology exchange program”, according to ISRO.

At the event, ISRO and JAXA signed a ‘Launch Plan’ for co-operative activities instead of rice farming and air quality monitoring, using satellite data ”.

ISRO and JAXA have organized a joint mission – the Lunar Polar Exploration (LUPEX) – to explore south of the Moon in 2023.

LUPEX has gained momentum as Japan reported an estimated 2.8 billion Yen (USD 26 million) for the 2021 financial year.

In February, ISRO and the Australian Space Agency (ASA) released amendments to the ‘Mood Inter-Governmental MoU’ of 2012 India Australia for a partnership in Civil Space Science, Technology and Education ‘.

The Amendment makes the Department of Atmosphere and the ASA of India as Executive Organizations and provides a range of other related businesses to conclude by initiating arrangements for specific partnership matters.

Both bodies reviewed the status of ongoing co-operation in land surveying, satellite navigation, environmental awareness and the establishment of a transport terminal in Australia to support the Indias ‘Gaganyaan’ program.

Australian Minister of Industry, Science and Technology Karen Andrews had said the new agreement strengthens existing relations between Australia and India and allows the two countries to work closer together than ever before for the benefit of both nations.

The head of the ASA, Enrico Palermo, said the signing reflected the importance of a strong partnership between the Agency and ISRO, which would look to identify new areas of space technology cooperation, applications, education and public access.

“The ISRO-based L-and S-band Airborne SAR (ASAR) was airlifted to the United States and landed on NASAs in November-December 2019 and data acquisition took place in 92 locations.

ASAR aviation campaigns are planned for spring and summer 2021 ”, according to ISRO.

“Both agencies are working on an implementation plan to carry NASA Laser Laser Reflectometer Array (LRA) to Chandrayaan-3.

The ISRO-NASA Joint Working Group on Human Spaceflight Program (HSP) is exploring opportunities for collaboration, ”it said.

ISRO and JAXA specialize in sharing global viewing data and making measurement/verification measurements and establishing the ISROs NavIC reference channel in Japan.

NavIC refers to the space component that contains the IRNSS (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) of the eight satellites.

Both bodies have completed a possible study of LUPEX and are currently finalizing a Phase A research report, according to ISRO.

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